The Central Mongolia

Mongolia’s Hangai Range defines much of the country’s central northern recesses; the range is the largest of three major mountainous chains (and several smaller ones) in the area, which includes the Huvsgul and Sayan ranges. A considerable of Mongolia’s vegetation is concentrated in these places, and the ranges encompass several natural zones from mountainous stepped to Siberian taiga forests. Fertile soil and numerous rivers, streams and lakes sustain a variety of plants and the area shelters a huge array of species: elk, Siberian roe deer, wolves, foxes, wild boar, ibex, lynx and brown bears, just to name a few.

The Eastern Mongolia

Eastern Mongolia, encompassing the Khan Hentii Mountain Range and Great Eastern Plains, has a lot to offer travelers and Mongolians alike. Frequently mentioned in ``The Secret History of the Mongols``, a rare Mongol-centric historical account, the remote and almost uninhabited wilderness area of the Khan Hentii Mountains is the birthplace of Chinggis Khaan.

The Western Mongolia

Three great ranges-the Mongol Altai (including the Gobi Altai), the Hangai, and the Hentii dominate Mongolia's mountainous regions. Of these, the Mongol Altai mountain range is the largest and most picturesque. It has many summits reaching 4,000 meters above sea level and stretches for 900 kilometers (from the northwestern part of the country to the south) through the Bayan-Ulgii and Hovd provinces of aimags.

The Northern Mongolia

Further north from Khangai region the mountains get higher and forests get denser and the soil gets more fertile as it approaches the most irrigated part of the country. Overlapping with Khangai range in the south smaller range of Sayan dominates north-central Mongolia, occupying most mountainous part of Huvsgul aimag (province) territory. The main feature of this region is an abundance of clear water lakes and rivers with the most outstanding being the Huvsgul Lake.

The Southern Mongolia

One of Mongolia’s most popular site is the Gobi Desert: a habitat to some of the world’s rarest animals and a unique landscape. Many envision the Gobi as a place of unbearable heat and lifeless sand dunes, similar to the in-hospitable Sahara desert, but in reality, the desert and semi-desert ecosystem is quite vivacious. The Gobi consists of high mountains, springs, forests, sands, steppes, and a rich animal population.